She had never reached out beyond her triple bondage. She had clung stubbornly to the only thing she had ever found of her own in life: love, and love had been more real to her than slavehood. And she had survived both. This was the truth of her life.— Sally Hemings
Barbara Chase-Riboud was born in 1939 and grew up in Philadelphia. She was raised by her parents, Charles Edward and Vivian May West. As a child, she was discovered to be artistically gifted. Subsequently, she started playing piano, sculpting, and writing poetry even before she was in high school. She went on to get a bachelor of fine arts degree from Temple University's Tyler Art School. After this, she studied in Rome, then received a master of fine arts degree from Yale University in 1960.
After college, she went to Paris, where she started a successful sculpting career. She has received numerous awards for her artwork. Also, while in Paris, she married a photojournalist named Marc Edward Riboud, with whom she had two children. They later divorced, and she married Sergio Tosi in 1981.
Because sculpting was the first art that she became successful with, her writing career may seem secondary. Chase-Riboud counters this: she says, "First of all writing isn't my second choice. Writing is a parallel vocation" (Chase-Riboud Interview 1). She started her literary career with a book of poetry titled From Memphis and Peking, which was edited by Toni Morrison and published in 1974. It was inspired by her visits to Egypt and China. She was actually the first American woman to visit China after their revolution. Her next work, the novel Sally Hemings, was the book that made her famous. Chase-Riboud is now known as one of the best historical novelists in America. Before writing her first novel, she had become fascinated by the story of a slave named Sally Hemings, who had a romantic relationship with Thomas Jefferson. She had an urge to write on the subject, but she thought of herself as a writer of poetry. "I'm a poet, which means I'm a sprinter not a long distance runner" (Chase-Riboud Interview 1). Later on, she was encouraged by Jacqueline Onassis to write the novel. Published in 1979, the book caused a lot of controversy, since many white people were angered by the defamation of the name of one of their great national heroes. However, the book was critically acclaimed, and won the Janet Heidinger Kafka Prize in 1979. This prize is given to the author of the best book written by an American woman in a given year.
Her second work of fiction was Valide: A Novel of the Harem. It is a saga about a kidnapping and enslavement of an American Creole girl by Algerian pirates in 1802. Chase-Riboud also wrote another book of poetry entitled Portrait of a Nude Woman as Cleopatra. Her third novel, Echo of Lions, was inspired by the story of Joseph Cinque, a former African slave who was freed by the Supreme Court after being defended by former president John Quincy Adams. In the late 1990s, Chase-Riboud was involved in the controversy surrounding the origins of the movie Amistad, which tells the same story as Echo of Lions. For that reason, she sued, but dropped her suit later after she decided that the movie studio had done nothing wrong.
The President's Daughter, a sequel to Sally Hemings, was Riboud's fourth novel. It follows the life of Harriet Hemings, daughter of Thomas Jefferson. Her latest book, Hottentot Venus: A Novel, is based on the story of Saartjie (or Sarah) Baartman, a South African woman whom scientists, including Georges Cuvier, exhibited to European audiences in the early nineteenth century.
A Brief Chronology of African American Literature
Compiled by Roger Blackwell Bailey, Ph.D. at San Antonio College, this site also links to general references to African American literature.
From Cornell's Law School: Barbara Chase-Riboud
Information on the author as well as a brief description of the controversy between her book Echo of Lions and the movie Amistad.
Pasadena City College Artist in Residence: Chase-Ribaud
Includes biographical info, photos of the artist, and images of her exhibited work.
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